Different Kinds of Dentures and Denture Options Overview
There are several kinds of dentures with different designs choices for every possible missing tooth combination. Understandably this can get quite complicated to explain and diagnose in person, let alone write everything here on the website so here are the basic categories of dentures available. Firstly we have to identify the kinds of base materials dentures are made of.
There are Three Main Types of Denture Bases Available
All three can be made badly or wrongly designed so it’s what’s done with them that’s most important!
Chrome Cobalt Cast Alloy
1. Hard Based plastic/acrylic/polymer (the “usually pink” part)
“Acrylic” is the most commonly used general term to describe this type of denture base. It is the hard plastic that’s moulded to shape, fitting against the gums and around the denture teeth. It is also by far the most common and widely used for dentures. There are four basic kinds available. When made it’s hard to tell the difference between them. They all come in differing shades and can be pigment stained and characterised. Made well they can be a complete solution your happy with – made badly they are a total failure.
Standard Acrylic –Lot’s of makes – Standards vary – From super cheap mainly used for economy and NHS Dentures up to mid range. Can be more prone to breaking
Pour-able polymer – Tried this –Lot’s of makes – Don’t rate it – not as strong and inferior bond to denture teeth
Hi Impact Acrylic – Standards vary – We use the best! – “Diamond D” – Much stronger
Injection Moulded Polymer – The Ivobase system from Ivoclar. The ultimate in strength and precision fit.
2. Chrome Cobalt cast alloy
Chrome cobalt is a lost wax processed light weight alloy casting that’s individually designed and made to fit around your teeth with several design choices possible for each case. The alloy melts well in excess of 2000 degrees kelvin and the skill of the technician doing the casting has a great effect on the overall fit. They are referred to generally as “chrome cobalt dentures” as they are the two main ingredients used in the alloy. When finished they house the pink acrylic gum and the denture teeth where your tooth spaces are. Made well they are a fantastic solution. Made poorly they are a total failure. We see many patients with new chromes that they cannot wear and just don’t fit. Usual reasons are, the alloy castings have warped, impressions often are not accurate or the design is wrong, or a combination.
There are several makes and variations of alloy available to use with differing properties in castabillity, flexibility and strength. Chrome cobalt is generally the strongest and easiest to wear kind of Partial/Full Denture – the thickness of a business card but only when well designed, well made and fitted. We use one of the best, Vitallium 2000+ alloy for all our castings.
Vitallium’s outstanding properties make elegant constuctions possible, causing minimal impact on the patient’s taste sensation.
Vitallium carrys a biocertificate that proves that the alloy has been scientifically tested for its compatibilty in the mouth and body. The tests were carried out at the Rhieinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH) inAachen,Germany.
The durable high-lustre alloy has a smooth surface, ensuring that damage such as plaque does not get a foothold, so providing protection against inflammation.
Last but not least, the fit. We are able to achieve a fit using Vitallium that is without comparison.
3. Flexible Thermoplastic
Flexible Thermoplastic – In our view they are only suited for a small percentage of cases where the flexible nature of the base is an advantage and can be extended to wrap around real teeth to hold a small denture in where the others would fail. This however is not very common.
Depending on which denture base option is the best one for you, finishing new dentures can take anywhere from two appointments on the same day, to over ten appointments over 3 weeks to make, depending on the complexity of your specific case and the kind of denture base you need so generalising is not really possible. As outlined above there are many types of new dentures available. I will show you these, together with various teeth and the associated costs involved with each set of new denture combinations. This way, you will be able to make an informed decision as to which set of dentures you prefer. Together, we can then decide upon the right course of action and denture treatment for you. After having discussed the cause of your denture issues, I will be able to help you make the right decisions to solve them.
Dentures or Implants?
Do I Really Need Dental Implants or will a Denture be my Solution ?
False Teeth Options and Advice
Some common questions asked about types of false teeth by those wearing or considering wearing dentures are listed below to help you make the right choices. If you cannot find your question answered on this page, please contact me for free advice.
Do I need new dentures or an adjustment? You can answer that yourself
The 5 Yes or No Denture Questions
1 Are your dentures painful?
2 Do they look false and feel bulky?
3 Do they keep breaking?
4 Do you have trouble with eating or speaking?
5 Are they loose fitting?
If you answer yes to any of these 5 questions above call for a FREE Consultation to discuss your options. I can help you make the right choices with FREE advice.
Common Denture Problem Related Questions
I am dental phobic - can you help?
Yes. I treat lots of patients that are scared of the dentist. They all find my informal relaxed approach easy to cope with. I like to explain everything about denture options and put people at ease.
I have loose teeth and need to know my denture options.
Not to worry as I can work in conjunction with your dentist or recommend one to extract loose teeth so I can make an emergency denture for you.
I have never worn dentures before and need advice with my options
I can easily explain all your denture options to you. Call me for free advice to make the right choices.
Do I have Dentures or Dental Implants? Will a Denture work for me?
I often successfully treat denture patients without the need for dental implants that had been persuaded that painful and expensive implants were their only option. With the costs involved with implant retained dentures most patients could try having a denture done properly at a fraction of the cost first, and then dental implants are always an option afterwards. Dentures when made properly are perfectly fine for the vast majority of patients as I only need to refer a few people each year for dental implants. If you feel that perhaps you are being fast tracked into having implants without all the different kinds of denture treatment options being thoroughly explained to you, or maybe only in a negative way with the increasingly common sales lines playing dentures down and promoting implants then call me to book a consultation. It is vital that you have a proper denture only consultation as well so you can make a proper well informed choice. I have been making great dentures without implants for over 25 years. My advice is free.
I tried to wear dentures but could not get used to them as they feel so false.
The kind of denture and it's design have to be right for you. I often help patients that have had NHS dentures made that they can not wear. There are several options we can use to solve denture problems.
Can a tooth or several teeth be added to my denture?
Yes. I often add teeth to dentures while my patients wait . If you book with me before a dentist extracts your teeth I can add new teeth the next day.
My old worn teeth just need renewing as I cannot chew properly.
I can copy your old dentures and make new ones that are the same as when they were new which makes them easy to get used to.
My lip is sunken in and not properly supported by my denture.
Your facial lip support can be greatly enhanced by correctly designed dentures. Common denture problems that I often help my patients with.
My dentures keep breaking.
It is easy for me to analyse why this keeps happening and to work out a design to solve the problem.
My dentures are causing me pain.
Both new and old dentures can cause you pain. With a free consultation I can always help by finding out why you are in pain. I have lots of techniques and experience to solve problems with dentures.
My first ever new teeth affect my speech.
There are several options for new dentures like paper thin chrome alloy dentures which are also stronger that enable you to speak properly which feel far less false.
My new dentures are unwearable- my teeth feel and look false
The design, shape and thickness of dentures varies immensely so working out what is wrong with them tells me your denture options and how to solve the problem. They do not have to feel and look unatural.
My new dentures make me gag when I put them in.
The design and size of your teeth needs changing. Normally an easy process to achieve good results.
If you need any FREE advice please call or email me via the contact me page
Denture World in High Wycombe Call Us 01628 521003
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